Honorary President

Senate Submission

 Overview 
 Title
 Introduction
 Framework
 Origins
 Advantages


 The Amendments 
 20 References
 Section 126
 Section 59
 Section 60
 Section 61
 Section 2
 Section 4
 The States
 All Amendments


 The Election 
 Why Elect
 Apolitical
 Electoral Law
 Timing


 Independence 
 Introduction
 The Two Roles
 Costs v Benefits
 Free Speech


 Other Issues 
 Referendum
 One Royal Link
 Honorary Vice Pres
 Spectrum of Powers
 Questions
 More Questions
 Conclusion

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Be introduced to the
Honorary President

 
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© 2004 David Latimer
   

The Amendments

Section 61

Removal of Honoraries

"It will be easier for a Prime Minister to sack the President than his or her driver"
Reason 1 Ė The case for voting NO, 1999 Referendum

In the case for voting NO from the 1999 referendum, the explanation under Reason 1 provides an imposing argument for rejecting the bi-partisan appointment model. While it is possible that the average voter may not have grasped the full implications of the argument, technically the dismissal procedure was a flagrant violation of natural justice.

The dismissal procedure under the Honorary President model is entirely consistent with community expectations in that the Parliament can dismiss the Honorary President or an Honorary Vice President for a specific reason and where a defence of the offending action is allowed. The list of valid reasons is stated in the section, so the Prime Minister cannot use threat of dismissal as a weapon in any constitutional crisis.

The dismissal procedure is borrowed from existing sub-section 71(ii) providing for the dismissal of High Court and Federal Court judges.

The reader may ask whether it is appropriate that a judge and Head of State should share the same mechanism, given they perform quite different functions under the constitution, however, the drafters of the constitution repeated the same provision for dismissal of members of the defunct Inter-State Commission in sub-section 103(ii).

It is clear that this provision is appropriate for all actors in the constitution who need to be independent from the Parliament. The advantage is that Australia has some experience in dismissing or trying to dismiss judges, so the same experience will be available if dismissing an Honorary President, the need of which we all hope never arises.

A draft of section 60, in its entirety, follows:

61 Removal of Honoraries

An Honorary President or an Honorary Vice President, may be permanently removed by the Governor General, on an address from both Houses of Parliament in the same session praying for such removal on the grounds of:

  1. proved misbehaviour;
  2. incapacity;
  3. improper exercise of powers;
  4. holding foreign citizenship; or
  5. activity in a political party.

Items (i) and (ii) are taken directly from sub-section 71 (ii).

Item (iii) allows the Parliament to remove the Honorary President should they violate the provisions of section 59 which says Ďany exercise of power or function by the Honorary President, except in accordance with this section [59] of this constitution shall have no validity and may be regarded as an improper exercise of power or function.í

Items (iv) and (v) relate to the qualifications of the Honorary President. Foreign citizenship is not discussed as a qualification of a candidate under section 60, although the Parliament would be permitted to make a law to provide this. Nevertheless to be the Honorary President one must be an Australian citizen without duel nationality. This means itís theoretically possible to contest the election before such renunciation.

As discussed earlier, the community has an expectation that the Honorary President will not associate with a political party. Sub-section 60(iii) provides this for candidates, while Sub-section 61(v) continues the restriction for the term of office.

This section replaces the existing section 61 on Executive Power and is still current, however the effect of the existing section is now found at the end of section 59.

Detour: All Draft Amendments

Next: Appointment of Governor General